Interesting Intestines – How gut microbes affect our food habits
“Follow reason but don’t ignore that gut feeling. We create reasons with our limited knowledge and experience, but gut feelings often come from universal knowledge.”- Debasish Mridha
So what is this universal knowledge? This question can be addressed in many ways. Spiritually speaking the gut is one of the major energy centers in the body- Manipura Chakra or the Solar Plexus. Gut is considered to be the seat of unconscious intelligence, which could be mastered with the help of yoga or martial arts. When we talk about energy sources, physics cannot be brushed aside either. Belly is the gravitational centre of the body, hence the almost the entire weight is centered here. Most of this weight is formed by blood flowing in various organs. Lisa Sarasohn (a specialist of Early Modern and Intellectual History and History of Science) stated that:
In the bodies of both women and men, the abdominal region is blood-rich and therefore iron-rich as well. Heating or tapping iron…easily magnetizes the material. Certain traditions of movement and dance compress and heat the body’s iron-rich center, thus making the body’s center all the more magnetically active and sensitive to the flux in electromagnetic fields as we interact with each other and our environment. Studies of the human body suggest that our sensitivity to flux in electromagnetic fields constitutes or at least largely contributes to the aspect of awareness which we call intuition. Accordingly, patterns of movement and breath which compress and heat our body’s center may thus enhance our conscious awareness of self, each other, and our environment.
Well biology has yet other interesting way of deciphering this universal knowledge in the form of four letters A T G C. Our gut is enriched with millions of bacteria who encode for n number of molecules, the roles of which are haven’t been fully uncovered. The importance of gut bacteria in immunity, life span and nutritional symbiosis are well known. The emerging field is whether theses microbes are influencing our decision making and cognition as well or not.
Have you ever noticed that in the process of recouping from diarrhea, you might get a strong craving for chocolates (or whatever is your favorite food), especially when you are not taking any probiotics? Gut microbes are known to produce molecules which are similar to hunger peptides. So the possible explanation of the former could be that the bacteria surviving in the intestines after large masses of their colonies being flushed out, need an energy boost to recolonise. Different microbes have different energy source demands. Some might love pizza, others would prefer rice and daal!! Meaning to say, bacteria might have preference for lactose, glucose, etc as their carbon source. In this way microbes influence our food habits.
Say person A has healthy food habits and person B is fond of junk food. If their microbiota is compared, they will be quite different from each other. Also if person B decides for a diet change due to any reasons, he will face a great deal of attraction towards fast food, which later can be overcome with resoluteness. So next time you are dieting, don’t let the microbes deceive you into eating junk!
Microbes can not only sway ones eating habits, but also the way we perceive our everyday life. In neurobiology it is called cognition (awareness). Recent studies have revealed that both neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric disorders are somehow associated with dysbiosis in gut. Gut microbes produce molecules which are precursors of neurotransmitters. These neurotransmitters like serotonin and dopamine have a significant impact in regulating our mood. Studies in animal models have shown that administration of certain species of bacteria can increase or decrease mood swings or anxiety-like behavior. Diseases like Schizophrenia and bipolar disorders are associated with increased inflammation in the gut. Schizophrenia patients in particular show variations in dopaminergic and glutamatergic neuronal transmission apart from a major shift in gut flora from a normal being.
The drawback which scientists are facing now in such research areas is that since these complex neurological disorders are polygenic and influenced by multiple risk factors, it is hard to conclude whether microbes are cause or consequence in these conditions.
No doubt that these microbes are plethora of universal knowledge, but it’s up-to us how much we are harvesting from it. There are certain known unknowns and certain unknown unknowns in life science. Clearly these microbes have adapted and affected our growth and development from generations in miscellaneous unknown ways which is nothing less than awe-inspiring. Yannick Ngakoue Womens Jerseyhttp://www.geneticengg.com/2018/09/22/gutmicrobes-affect-food-habit/http://www.geneticengg.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/probiotics-vs-antibiotics.jpghttp://www.geneticengg.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/probiotics-vs-antibiotics-150x150.jpgGeneticsHealth and Medicinefood habits,gut feeling,gut microbes,microbes,neurobiology,probiotics“Follow reason but don’t ignore that gut feeling. We create reasons with our limited knowledge and experience, but gut feelings often come from universal knowledge.”- Debasish Mridha So what is this universal knowledge? This question can be addressed in many ways. Spiritually speaking the gut is one of the major...Upasana GuptaUpasana Guptaupasanag21495@gmail.comAdministratorGeneticEngg.com